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R2R DAC promotion with low price now.
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Singularity 19

Dedicated Discrete R2R DAC
Fully programmable hardware design ,support future upgrade without hardware modify
Built in 4 PCs 3072KHz support R-2R  DA M1 modules
32bit / 384K Amanero combo384
Supports up to 384KHz /32Bit at USB
Supports up to 192KHz
/24Bit at SPDIF


Promotion  :  (Exclude shipping cost)
Built in 2 pcs DA M1 : USD600
Built in 4 pcs DA M1 : USD650

        

           

            

    
Summarize Use Manual Specs Custom Option Shipping Cost

Audio-gd products had design and test based on the AP SYS-2722 (The top-drawer professional equipment in world) 


USB specs and driver install guide :   Amanero combo 384
R2R DA M1 module's inform G             DA M1

Singularity seriesAthe total full new design:
           Whilom, I wish can support the products upgrade after sale, I was applied the modules design, I was design the DIR modules for the SPDIF process, and the DSP module for the data process, and the CAST module or others for the analog process .
           However , the modules design had degrade on the sound quality , the benefit of the upgrade able is not worth .
            Afterward , I had not put the point on upgrade after sale, I had design the last version Master 7, except the USB input module, all parts had assemble on the motherboards , it was a succeed product. It had much better sound quality than our any older design, it sale more than 54 months without upgrade the design.
           Now, Singularity 19 release, the design had give up the normal and low performance chips, which is only can working with tens MHz frequency clock , it applied a FPGA to perform all the data process . All three chips are the Programmable and  ultra high speed devices , the different to the MCU, ARM and CPU is they can process a lot different data simultaneity up to 450MHz speed, but the MCU, ARM and CPU only can process the data step by step in series. Simultaneity data process can much exact to process and this is most important in digital audio area .
           Singularity 19, applied the software design hardware concept , the benefit of the programmable chip applied, not only I can through edit the codes in the software to perform different hardware design for improve the performance or get different functions, but the programmable chips had very short signal journey and without parasitical capacitances , the digital signal had much exact in transmit and process, avoid the data lost because the signal delay and attenuation . 
           Singularity 19, built in two high performance clocks for process different sampling signal, working as in the no jitter state, revert all detail and soul of the music .
           Singularity 19, no longer had the performance and sound quality limit by the normal and fixed function chips like the DIR9001, WM8805 and the DF1706, all function blocks are through the software design with the ultra speed characteristic, can got the best timing performance ,  minimal jitter , boost the sound quality most neutral , the detail, dynamic can fully show in your system.
           Singularity 19, through software design and perform below hardware circuits:
           SPDIF (coaxial and optical ) decoder .
          Source signal select with minimal timing delay .
          Clock signal regeneration .
          Digital signal process and refuse jitter process.
          Digital filter process.
          Singularity 19AI had design the most neutral sound quality, but for best suite the users personal flavors which is like the coloration sound flavor , it had built in different setting for users can through change the setting and oversampling (8x, 4x, 2x and NOS) to get different sound flavors .
          Singularity 19, the fully programmable design , while the digital audio technology had develop ,I can edit the software codes for improve the product  without modify the hardware on boards. It will not become out in future ten years even longer .
          Singularity 19 , the sampling support of all inputs as below .

           IN1 G USB input, support up to 32bit / 384KHz .
           IN2 G BNC/RCA coaxial input, support up to 24bit / 192KHz .(User can not connect both sockets in same time, even just the cable)
           IN3 G Optical  input, support up to 24bit / 192KHz .(note 1).
           IN4 :     Built in IIS interface , support up to 32bit / 384KHz (note 2)

         
Singularity 19, except the full new digital design, but the analog design had improve for get lower distortion and better transparency sound quality .
(Note: 1, The optical receiver had applied the 25M bandwide parts, it can support up to 24bit / 192KHz in test, but the worldwide standard is up to 96KHz , so users must check your source if support up to 192K.
            2, The built in IIS interface support sampling had effect by the source device signal quality and transmit cable quality, we can not warranty can achieve the highest sampling as we had test .)


Singularity 19 technology detail:

ACSS G 
              Singularity 19, is a real  discrete design.
              Applies the 4 Pieces high performance R2R DA M1 modules.
              

               The SPDIF inputs can support up to 24Bit / 192KHz ,and the USB, IIS inputs support up to 32Bit / 384KHz .
               Different to other DAC designs , it applied Non-feedback ACSS analog stages. The DA M1 modules feed to the ACSS analog stages without any OPAs and couple caps so it can avoid sound coloration .
              The ACSS is a non-feedback technology made with fully discrete amplifiers. Most people know the global feedback design can offer better specs in test measurements, and classic non-feedback can't do well in test measurements but can offer better sound for the human's ears. Here is a conflict of the classic circuits. But the ACSS opens a new field, it can offer a least coloration sound which is more neutral with very low distortion and high linearity. So it can retain the dynamics, detail and neutral sound but not sound bright or harsh.
              About the ACSS technology detail, Mr. Ho had post some few articles in the monthly <Radio & television > since 2007 year.  

Output buffers :       
    
The output buffers are newest improve version Non-feedback   pure class A FET Cascode desgn  . Its distortion is much lower than the last version . For low impedance, it applied the dual FET buffer output stage which is quite less colored than most conventional circuits, the output impedance is less than 10 ohm.

Processor:
           Singularity 19, applied the software design hardware concept , the benefit of the programmable chip applied, not only I can through edit the codes in the software to perform different hardware design for improve the performance or get different functions, but the programmable chips had very short signal journey and without parasitical capacitances , the digital signal had much exact in transmit and process, avoid the data lost because the signal delay and attenuation .
           Singularity 19, built in two high performance clocks for process different sampling signal, working as in the no jitter state, revert all detail and soul of the musics .
          

           Singularity 19, no longer had the performance and sound quality limit by the normal and fixed function chips like the DIR9001, WM8805 and the DF1706, all function blocks are through the software design with the ultra speed characteristic, can got the best timing performance ,  minimal jitter , boost the sound quality most neutral , the detail, dynamic can fully show in your system.
          Singularity 19, through software design and perform below hardware circuits:
          SPDIF (coaxial and optical ) decoder .
          Source signal select with minimal timing delay .
          Clock signal regeneration .
          Digital signal process and refuse jitter process.
          Digital filter process.
          Singularity 19,I had design the most neutral sound quality, but for best suite the users personal flavors which is like the coloration sound flavor , it had built in different setting for users can through change the setting and oversampling (8x, 4x, 2x and NOS) to get different sound flavors .
          Singularity 19, the fully programmable design , while the digital audio technology had develop ,I can edit the software codes for improve the product  without modify the hardware on boards. It will not become out in future ten years even longer .

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Power supply:
            Singularity 7 applies the excellent 4 pcs DA M1 modules and excellent analog output stages, but these are not the only keys of the best sound.
            The power supply is most important. Anythings in the signal are source from the power supply .
            Even applying the best DA chip and the best amp, if matched to a normal power supply, the total sound may still be average or sound musical, but can't be neutral and detailed.
             Singularity 19 had a R core transformer for power supply the digital and analog separate. And more than 30,000 UF caps for smooth the power supply .There are  total 8 PSU groups are applied. Uses 5 groups of high-quality class A parallel connection PSU with dedicated DC supply .
              The class A parallel connection PSU had ultra high input impedance, which is can refuse the  power interrupt through the PSU , it also had very low output impedance ,which can offer very clear DC power for the DAC, producing a very black background and neutral sound characteristic. The double-stage PSU is very important for digital parts. Some designs may have very low jitter in theory, but if the power is supplied by a dirty or low-speed power supply, it will increase the jitter and pollute the data, and degrade the sound quality obviously.
            Why to said how excellent of the class A parallel connect PSU but less design in the audio products? This just same as the pure class A amp, it had high request on the parts quality and building workmanship , in nowdays the money world , even the expensive brands had not like to applied.

   

Building:
         
Singularity 19, it is not put the parts full in the chassis, but the audio grade parts can offer better performance and working steady . Applied the normal parts not worst if the design is excellent, still can had rich musical , but no way to had the most neutral sound .
           
Singularity 19 had most applied DALE, WIMA and Nover ect. audio grade parts.
           
Singularity 19, assemble in a  chassis which is built by pure aluminium .Even the IEC power inlet, had shield in a pure cooper shield box .
           

            Singularity 19 , every unit finished the parts assemble , must had the full test by the technician , then build by another technician . There are 100 hours burn in time after building, during the burn in time, every unit must had two times test in every day . Finally , the QC technician had the final test and audition before package and shipping.  The complex process in the building , just for keep every units had the highest quality .
           


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